by the Egypt News Digest
book demonstrates that the prophetic books of the Old Testament and their
contents of the exploits and achievements of Abraham, Isaac and his son
Joseph are essentially Egyptian in origin. Furthermore, Ahmed Osman shows,
by comparing the hazy chronology of the Bible and its factual content
with the ancient Egyptian written records, that the major Old Testament
figures - Solomon, David, Moses and Joshua - are based on Egyptian historical
originals. Not only were these major personalities and the stories - military,
territorial and prophetic - associated with them nurtured on the banks
of the Nile but the major tenets of Christian belief - the one God, the
Trinity, the hierarchy of heaven, life after death and the Virgin birth
- are all Egyptian in origin.
Osman provides in this book a convincing argument that Jesus himself came
out of Egypt. The Essenes and the Gnostics were devoutly guarding the
secret Egyptian teaching well before the first century AD. John the Baptist
was himself an Essene, and St Paul, as he indicates in his letter to the
Galatians, had himself been initiated into the Egyptian mysteries by the
Gnostics at Sinai. The author shows how Egyptian, Biblical and Rabbinical
sources, coupled with recent archaeological discoveries prove that the
roots of Christian belief spring not from Judaea but from Egypt.
Osman was born in Cairo in 1934. He studied law at Cairo University and
in the early 1960s worked there as a journalist. He has been living in
London since 1965 searching the relationship between the Bible stories
and Egyptian history. His previous books are: Stranger in the Valley of
the Kings (1987); Moses: Pharaoh of Egypt (1990); and The House of the
points discussed in Out of Egypt:
religious revolution: - Akhenaten, king of Egypt (1378-1361 BC.), was
the first monotheistic ruler in history. He abolished the worship of the
different gods of Ancient Egypt and introduced a deity with no image 'Aten',
biblical Adonai, to be the sole God for all people.
was overthrown by a military coup when he used the army to force the
new religion on his people, and was replaced by Tutankhamun in 1361
that ordinary people need a physical object for their worship, Tutankhamun
allowed the ancient deities to be worshiped again, but only as mediators
between the people and Aten.
(biblical Phinhas), the high priest of the exiled Akhenaten, regarded
this behaviour of Tutanakamun as heresy, and killed him.
Ancient Egyptians were the first to recognise a spiritual part of human
life, as the Ka which leaves the body at the time of death.
also believed that, providing the physical body can be kept safe, the
Ka could be reunited with it in a future time, and the person lives
a second life. That is why they mummified the bodies and kept them in
tombs secured with magical spells.
as mummification and burial were too expensive, it was only the Kings
and rich nobles who could hope for the second life.
the time of the 19th dynasty, following the death of Tutankhamun, however
a long process of philosophical and theological development took place.
The result of this development, which materialised by the early time
of Roman rule of Egypt, appeared within the cult of Serapis before being
identified as Gnostic Christianity.
it became possible for ordinary people to hope for eternal spiritual
life, without need for mummification. All they need is to confess in
the resurrection of Christ and go through a ritual that included baptism
by water. St Paul initiated at the foot of Mount Sinai:
Paul had a different Christian Gospel from that of St Peter and the
rest of the Jerusalem Church. He was the first to regard Christ as the
redeemer and the son of God and gave different meaning to baptism in
confession of the resurrected Christ, rather than John's baptism for
remission of sin. Where did Paul get his Gospel from?
his letter to the Galatians Paul states that, having encountered the
light of Christ on the road to Damascus, he retired to Arabia. In those
times the political country of Arabia included, not only East Jordan,
but also Sinai.
speaks of Mount Sinai as being a holy place, which is in heaven. He
also states that he remained in Arabia for three years before returning
to Jerusalem with his new Gospel.
years is the right time for initiation into the community of the Gnostic
Christians whose hermits are known to have inhabited the area beneath
Mount Sinai, which is now occupied by the Monastery of St. Catherine.